Check out your smile. You probably don’t notice them, but your gums are an essential part of the healthy smile you see in the mirror.

WHY ARE GUMS IMPORTANT?

Your healthy gums consist of a pale pink tissue called the gingiva. This covers the bone and tissues that support the teeth with a tough layer to keep the bacteria out and resist wear. The gingiva also protects  fibres from the periodontal ligament within the bony socket which hold the teeth in place. This support structure also help absorb shocks that could damage your teeth and provide a tight barrier to keep bacteria away from tooth roots.

Gum health is essential for healthy teeth. When gums are diseased or damaged, they cannot adequately support and protect teeth. The result of this can be tooth loss, bad breath and wobbly teeth.

GUM DISEASE CAUSES AND EFFECTS

Gum or periodontal disease is the bodies response to bacterial plaque in your mouth. Your mouth is home to many types of bacteria, which in health live in happy coexistance. When the balance between good and bad bacteria is disturbed, often as a result of poor oral hygiene and the bodies efforts to destroy these bacteria. Disease causing invasive bacteria can proliferate causing infection and inflammation.

As your body’s immune system fights the infection, it sends white blood cells to the gums. In the process of fighting off the bacterial infection, the white cells also damage surrounding gum tissue.

As the leading cause of adult tooth loss, gum disease has also been tied to serious illnesses including:

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetes
  • Respiratory disease
  • Premature birth

The good news is there is evidence that restoring gum health may reverse or improve some of these conditions

SIGNS OF GUM DISEASE

The first indication you may have of periodontal disease is bleeding gums when you brush your teeth. Other indicators are gaps between gums and teeth or very low gums that leave tooth roots exposed. These conditions make it easier for invasive bacteria to attack teeth.

CARING FOR YOUR GUMS

Protect gum health with a regular dental care program that includes:

  • Daily brushing, flossing, and rinsing
  • Proper nutrition
  • Regular dental exams

At the first sign of gum disease, a visit to your dentist is in order. Left untreated, gum disease will advance, destroying more gum tissue and causing progressive tooth loss.

Modern dentistry can successfully treat periodontal disease reducing the risk of gum-related tooth loss and associated health problems. Behind every healthy smile is a healthy set of gums.